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Large sea sponge, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Large Sea Sponge, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Sponge biodiversity and morphotypes at the lip of a wall site in 60 feet of water. Included are the yellow tube sponge, Aplysina fistularis, the purple vase sponge, Niphates digitalis, the red encrusting sponge, Spiratrella coccinea, and the gray rope sponge, Callyspongia sp.
Sponges are similar to other animals in that they are multicellular, heterotrophic, lack cell walls and produce sperm cells. Unlike other animals, they lack true tissues and organs, and have no body symmetry. The shapes of their bodies are adapted for maximal efficiency of water flow through the central cavity, where it deposits nutrients, and leaves through a hole called the osculum. Many sponges have internal skeletons of spongin and/or spicules of calcium carbonate or silicon dioxide. All sponges are sessile aquatic animals. Although there are freshwater species, the great majority are marine (salt water) species, ranging from tidal zones to depths exceeding 8,800 m (5.5 mi).
While most of the approximately 5,000–10,000 known species feed on bacteria and other food particles in the water, some host photosynthesizing micro-organisms as endosymbionts and these alliances often produce more food and oxygen than they consume. A few species of sponge that live in food-poor environments have become carnivores that prey mainly on small crustaceans.

File information
Album name:Fauna & Flora
Rating (1 votes):55555
Keywords:#large #sea #sponge #papahānaumokuākea #marine #national #monument #northwestern #hawaiian #islands
Filesize:68 KiB
Date added:May 29, 2016
Dimensions:700 x 467 pixels
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